Fake news can be in the form of:
For a piece of fake news to be effective, it does not need to convince everyone. It is enough that it creates a certain level of confusion, so as to undermine trust in official sources of information.
Why is fake news effective in being misleading
-Fake news point to the subtle difference between what is true and what is probable.
-In our societies we witness a continuous flow of information: this is a factor which lowers the level of our attention.
-The nature of modern social media is designed to offer people what they want to read, based on their demonstrated preferences (the “echo-chamber”).
This term literally means «fabricated» news: it is false information that appears to be news, but which has been created deliberately with the intension to mislead its readers.
It means incorrect or imprecise information.
“Intended Misinformation” (i.e. when the writer/the sender has the intention of creating and sharing false or misleading information).
The most dangerous of all: it is information that is based on reality but is used to inflict harm on a person, an organisation or a country .