Characteristics of protective and risk factors (e.g. ACAY, 2015; NIDA, 2020; Hawkins et al., 1992; SAMSHA, 2015; https://nbhc.ca/news/protective-and-risk-factors-explained):
We still know little about how to build accurate individualised risk prediction (Danese, Smith, Chitsabesan and Dubicka, 2020).
There is no standard, empirically verified set of risk or protective factors to assess specific outcomes since these factors are highly context-specific (The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action, 2021).
Representation of the interaction effect of the potential risk and protective factors for mental health difficulties in childhood and adolescence