Variables, circumstance or situation that INCREASE the likelihood of having a disease
Variables, circumstance or situation that DECREASE the likelihood of having a disease
According to an evidence review (Sax Institute for VicHealth, 2019) for adults and the general population:
Many studies (Leigh-Hunt et al., 2017) point to social support as a protective factor for mental health. In many cases, social relationships provide emotional support, instrumental help, improved decision-making, stress management, and enhanced motivation.
In contrast, social isolation or loneliness is considered a risk factor.
Family factors are considered protective for mental health. Positive parenting and family relationships, immediate and extended family support, high family cohesion, a positive family climate and parental involvement are key factors that contribute to resilience. Family support has a positive association with mental health and wellbeing (Khazaeian, Kariman, Ebadi, & Nasiri, 2017). Supportive family was a protective factor for wellbeing and psychosocial functioning for refugee children in the moderate-quality review by Marley and Mauki (2018).
Battams et al. (2014) identified some variables of the work environment that are associated with poorer mental health and wellbeing: team environment factors include workplace bullying, low levels of social support, poor human relations and interpersonal conflict; work conditions include low skill discretion, low skill occupation, low decision latitude, job overload and high job demands; and work-home interference comprised time pressure and conflict between role demands.