3.1. Definition and symptoms: from normal to pathology
Symptoms of depression (as many mental disorders) are normal. Most of us feel sad, melancholic, unhappy, despondent or down sometimes for short periods of time. However, these symptoms can become pathological if the intensity is high and if they last for a long time, causing interference in the person’s life.
Depression (according to DSM-5) occurs when the person has 5 or more of the following symptoms for at least 2 weeks in a row:
3.2. Negative Automatic Thoughts (NAT)
1.4. Early and warning signs for seeking help
If you notice that lately you are feeling more frequent and more intense the following symptoms:
Feelings of nervousness, agitation or tension, sense of imminent danger panic or catastrophe, increased heart rate, rapid breathing (hyperventilation), sweating, trembling, feelings of weakness or tiredness, problems concentrating, problems falling asleep, gastrointestinal problems, difficulties controlling worries and the need to avoid situations that generate anxiety, among others.
Then, use some strategy to cope with it or contact a mental health professional (psychologist and/or psychiatrist) to find a solution as soon as possible. Mental health is important as it is physical health.